What is Adderall Tongue?
Adderall tongue can be two things:
- Dry mouth (medically known as xerostomia; occurs in 35% of patients)
- An allergic reaction, which results in swelling of the tongue, throat, or face.
If you experience any of these symptoms, you should contact your doctor immediately. However, experiencing the allergic reaction version of Adderall tongue is considered a medical emergency.
The following are the signs and symptoms of Adderall tongue:
- Bad breath
- Tongue sticking
- Swelling and fissuring of lips and/or the inner lining of the mouth
- Biting of the tongue, inner cheeks, or lips
- Dryness in the mouth
- Taste disorders
- Fungal infections such as oral thrush
- Painful tongue
- Increased need to drink water
- Problems with speaking, swallowing, and chewing
- Sticky and/or stringy saliva
- Sore throat
- Teeth grinding or clenching (medically known as bruxism)
What causes Adderall tongue?
The dry mouth version of Adderall tongue is caused by a reduction in saliva production, which is a common symptom of stimulants/amphetamines.
And the allergic reaction version of Adderall tongue is caused when your body's immune system overreacts.
How to get rid of Adderall tongue
The recommendation for those suffering with Adderall-induced dry mouth is to seek the help of the attending physician. The physician will give a medically sound advice or they might reduce the dosage of the drug or make significant changes.
Nevertheless, we have listed below the common practices implemented in order to deal with the phenomenon.
What you can do:
- Stay hydrated by taking frequent sips of water or non-carbonated, sugar-free fluids
- Chew sugarless gum
- Use artificial saliva from gels, lozenges, or sprays.
What you should avoid:
- Mouthwash with alcohol
- Sugary foods or drinks
- Acidic foods or drinks
- Dry foods
- Spicy foods
- Excessively hot or cold drinks
Other Side Effects of Adderall
Adderall is a highly regulated drug because of its high potential for abuse and dependence. With this, it is expected that it has a lot of side effects.
Common Side Effects
The following are the common side effects of the drug that may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. Seek medical advice if prolonged.
- Stomach pain
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Mood changes
- Fast heart rate
- Headache, dizziness
- Sleep problems
- Dry mouth
There are people who develop allergies in Adderall, so watch out for the following signs and symptoms as medically-induced allergies have a high chance of progressing to anaphylaxis:
- Difficulty in breathing
- Swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat
If you show these signs and symptoms, immediately go to the nearest emergency room for appropriate medical intervention.
Systemic Signs and Symptoms
Aside from allergies, immediate medical attention must be sought if you are experiencing the following signs and symptoms:
- Signs and symptoms of heart problems like chest pain, trouble breathing, fainting spells
- Signs of psychosis in the form of hallucinations, new behavior problems, aggression, hostility, paranoia
- Signs of circulation problems such as numbness, pain, cold feeling, unexplained wounds, skin color changes
- Vision changes
Serotonin syndrome may also happen as Adderall impacts the serotonin level of the body. This syndrome is potentially life-threatening thus keeping a watchful eye for the following signs and symptoms is a must:
- Fast heart rate
- Muscle stiffness, twitching, loss of coordination
- Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
Potential Growth Retardation
Children’s growth may also be affected if used for a long period. Studies have shown that Adderall causes growth retardation in children (>12 years of age) who are in a long-term regimen of the drug.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder has a long list of treatment approaches wherein Amphetamine-Dextroamphetamine drugs such as Adderall is one of its mainstay treatments. This drug has a long profile of side effects which includes dry mouth or more commonly known as Adderall tongue. It is highly advised for patients to seek medical consult if any side effects are being experienced.
Buktein, O. (2021). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults: Epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, course, assessment, and diagnosis. Retrieved from https://www.uptodate.com/contents/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adults-epidemiology-pathogenesis-clinical-features-course-assessment-and-diagnosis?search=adderall&topicRef=17158&source=see_link
Davis, K. (2020). What to know about narcolepsy. Retrieved from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/155244
Drugs.Com (2021). Adderall Side Effects. Retrieved from https://www.drugs.com/sfx/adderall-side-effects.html
Durbin, K. (2021). Adderall. Retrieved from https://www.drugs.com/adderall.html
Krull, KR. (2022). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents: Clinical features and diagnosis. Retried from https://www.uptodate.com/contents/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-clinical-features-and-diagnosis?search=adderall&topicRef=17158&source=see_link
National Health Service UK (2019). Anaphylaxis. Retrieved from https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/anaphylaxis/
Poulton, AS., Melzer, E., Tait, PR., Garnett, SP., Cowell, CT., Baur, LA., Clark, S. (2013). Growth and pubertal development of adolescent boys on stimulant medication for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The Medical Journal of Australia 198 (1). Pp 29-32. Retrieved from https://www.mja.com.au/journal/2013/198/1/growth-and-pubertal-development-adolescent-boys-stimulant-medication-attention
Scammell, TE. (2022). Treatment of narcolepsy in adults. Retrieved from https://www.uptodate.com/contents/treatment-of-narcolepsy-in-adults?search=narcoplepsy&source=search_result&selectedTitle=2~121&usage_type=default&display_rank=2#H1315913995
U.S. National Library of Medicine (2022). Adderall XR - dextroamphetamine sulfate, dextroamphetamine sccharate, amphetamine sulfate, and amphetamine aspartate capsule, extended release. Retrieved from https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/drugInfo.cfm?setid=aff45863-ffe1-4d4f-8acf-c7081512a6c0
Volpi-Abadie, J., Kaye, A. M., & Kaye, A. D. (2013). Serotonin syndrome. The Ochsner journal, 13(4), 533–540.